The district was carved from erstwhile Jhabua district on May 17th 2008. It lies in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh, near the border with Gujarat and Maharashtra. The district is hilly, and consists of tribal people as majority of population who live in small villages near Alirajpur. However, the town’s population mainly consists of general people.
Alirajpur District has total area of 3,182.00 sq. km as per Census 2011.District Alirajpur is surrounded by Dhar,Badwani in east, Gujrat in west, Jhabua District in North and Maharashtra State in the south. Latitude of Alirajpur city is 22°18′19″N and Longitude of Alirajpur city is 74°21′9″E. The district lies on the Vindhyan range north of the Narmada river, and along the south‐western margin of the Malwa plateau
According to the 2011 census Alirajpur district has a population of 728,677, roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of Alaska. The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.4 per cent. Alirajpur has a sex ratio of 1,009 females for every 1,000 males.
This district comprises 5 tehsils: Alirajpur, Jobat , Sondwa , Kattiwada and Chandra Shekhra Aajad Nagar (Bhabhra). Presently, there are two Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Alirajpur and Jobat. Both of these are part of Ratlam Lok Sabha constituency.